Before you start connecting fiber optic cable to your home network, you should know a few things. Here is a guide to connection methods, types of fibers, and safety issues. You can also find tips for preparing the cable and how to connect it. But be sure to read the manufacturer’s instructions thoroughly before starting work.
Preparation of fiber optic cable
When installing fiber optic cable, it is essential to prepare the cable properly. This will ensure that the cable is not twisted or broken. The best way to prevent cable twist is to roll it in a figure eight pattern on the ground. This will add half a twist on one side and take it out on the other.
Fiber optic cable should be prepared according to manufacturer’s specifications. Violating the temperature range can affect the performance of the fiber. It can also lead to cable jacket cracking. Make sure to conduct tests for continuity and attenuation before connecting the cable. This can save both time and money. The cable should also be checked after splicing and connector installation. Otherwise, the performance of the cable may be affected and may require expensive repair.
Cable installation should be done properly, following all building codes. Vertical fiber optic cable runs are preferred in indoor installations. If a drop is required, the cable should be supported with cable ties. Cable ties should be snug to avoid stress and should not extend past the cable. It is recommended to use hook-and-loop fastener ties.
Types of fiber optic cable
There are several different types of fiber optic cable. Single-mode fiber, for example, has a much smaller core than multimode fiber. Its core diameter is usually around 9 um, while multimode fiber has a core diameter between 50 and 62.5 um. Single-mode fiber is often used for long-distance transmissions. Multimode fiber, on the other hand, is typically used for shorter-distance transmissions.
Fiber optic cable can carry electrical current. However, the distance depends on the wavelength and the network it connects to. For example, a 10 Gbps multimode cable can reach a distance of 984 feet, while a single-mode cable can reach up to 25 miles. Choosing the correct cable depends on the application and the environment in which it will be installed.
Single-mode fibers are smaller than multimode fibers and use only one path to carry light. Single-mode cables are also distinguished by the color of their jackets. The jackets of single-mode fibers will be either yellow or blue, while those for multimode fibers will be bright green. However, military-grade fiber cables will be plain green.
There are several different types of connection methods for fiber optic cable. These methods differ in their ease of use and cost. For temporary connections, mechanical splicing is the most common option. Mechanical splicing involves holding two fibers together with an alignment device. The process results in a seamless connection, which reduces back reflection and light loss.
One of the main benefits of fiber optic cable is its speed and range. Unlike copper, it can be run several kilometers. It also has low attenuation, so it can be run longer than copper. Unlike copper, fiber optic cable is also easy to detect, so it is difficult to tap it and cause a malfunction. In addition, it can carry more data than copper and is immune to interference.
The installation of fiber cables is similar to that of copper cables, although there are some differences. The cable is often installed through an underground duct. However, copper cables should never be mixed with fiber optic cables as they can cause strain. In some cases, premise cables are hung below the cable trays.
While working with fiber optic cables, it’s essential to follow safety precautions, including side shields and safety glasses. It’s also vital to never look directly into a fiber end, even if it looks dark. It’s also important to work in a well-ventilated area and avoid smoking.
Fiber optic splicing is dangerous work, and workers must be appropriately trained. They should wear safety glasses while preparing cables and should use caution when working with flammable solvents. They should also avoid eating around the work bench and not look into the fiber ends. This can result in a fire.
Fiber optic cable is extremely fragile. Using it without protection can lead to a variety of risks, including electrocution and eye damage. Workers should wear safety glasses and side shields, wash their hands, and always wear disposable lab aprons.